▶ Eco-design means the production of goods and services that meet the needs of users and at the same time have the lowest possible impact on the environment and society.
▶ A product is eligible for the eco-design label if it is at least 20% less environmentally harmful compared to the previous product. In the design phase, choices are made that reduce the weighted environmental impact by at least 20%. The designer can, for example, choose to use recycled material, another more sustainable type of raw material, or by significantly extending the life of the product. The environmental impact is determined according to a multi-criteria analysis.
▶ What is a multi-criteria analysis? How do you compare the use of PVC with CO2 emissions? How do you achieve a single score for water pollution and climate change? Several forms of environmental impact are weighed in a multi-criteria analysis. By no longer using PVC in a product, the CO2 footprint for production can increase slightly, but the impact in the waste processing phase is greatly reduced. To be able to give one score for this, the environmental impact is determined by means of a score list. This analysis covers the entire lifespan of the product.